Pass your own arguments to the ClientValidationFunction in a CustomValidator


Last few days I am working on an ASP.Net, where I can create Grids, Dropdown lists with Post back :), and the best part is browser compatibility, client only requires compatible with IE. Yes it was a refresher course for me, I revisited GridView templates, Page.IsPostback checking etc. Today I got a requirement like I need to validate few radio buttons. I searched for an implementation, I found we can use required field validator for RadioButtonList, but in my case it was Radio buttons (Initially it was RadioButtonList, but due to some customization issues, I changed it to Radio Buttons). Then I implemented a custom validator, and in the client validation function I hardcoded the Radio Button ids, because for the client validation function we can’t pass the parameters to the function. Same problem again I faced in a GridView, where the problem I found was I won’t get the client id of the radio button in the Item template. :( After doing some research I found we can extend the custom validator control using Validation Framework. And here is the implementation. Using this we can add properties to the source / sender parameter in the client side validation function.

function ValidateRadioButtons(source, arguments) {
    var radio1 = document.getElementById(source.Radio1);
    var radio2 = document.getElementById(source.Radio2);
    var radio4 = document.getElementById(source.Radio4);
    var radio3 = document.getElementById(source.Radio3);
    var result = radio1.checked || radio2.checked || radio3.checked || radio4.checked;
    arguments.IsValid = result;

This is the JavaScript function which implements the validation logic. You can get the controls as part of the Source object. To get the Source.Radio1, you need to register the Radio1 as ClientValidator attribute. You can do some C# code like this.

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    this.Page.ClientScript.RegisterExpandoAttribute(customCheck.ClientID, "Radio1", this.radio1.ClientID, false);
    this.Page.ClientScript.RegisterExpandoAttribute(customCheck.ClientID, "Radio2", this.radio2.ClientID, false);
    this.Page.ClientScript.RegisterExpandoAttribute(customCheck.ClientID, "Radio3", this.radio3.ClientID, false);
    this.Page.ClientScript.RegisterExpandoAttribute(customCheck.ClientID, "Radio4", this.radio4.ClientID, false);

And the ASPX Code is like this

<asp:CustomValidator runat="server" ID="customCheck" ClientValidationFunction="ValidateRadioButtons"
        ErrorMessage="Choose any option" />

And here is the Output code generated for the custom validator.

Custom validator output rendering

Custom validator output rendering

Happy Coding.

Anuraj is currently working as Technical Lead. He is a regular speaker on Technology events. He has more than 11+ years experience with Microsoft.Net Technologies.

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